What is Bacterial Vaginosis?
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is a condition caused by an imbalance of naturally
occurring bacteria in the vagina . BV is the most common vaginal infection in
women of childbearing age, and affects 1 in 5 pregnant women.
What are the
Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis ?
Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis include a thin white discharge with a "fishy"
smell. However, half of women with BV have no symptoms at all. Women with
additional symptoms such as burning or itching should be examined for other
possible infections such as yeast or trichomoniasis.
Can Bacterial Vaginosis Affect My Pregnancy ?
Having BV while pregnant may increase the risk for complications during
pregnancy such as premature rupture of membranes, preterm labor, preterm birth,
infections of the uterus, and increases the risk for getting other
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) does not recommend
routine testing for bacterial vaginosis (BV) in pregnancy.
Is There a Treatment ?
Although BV will sometimes clear
up without treatment , the
CDC recommends treating all
pregnant women with symptoms.
Recommend Regimens for Pregnant Women
Metronidazole 500 mg orally twice a day for 7 days
Metronidazole 250 mg orally three times a day for 7 days OR
Clindamycin 300 mg orally twice a day for 7 days
Treatment is intended to get rid of the signs and symptoms of BV. It is not well established whether or not treatment will help to prevent poor pregnancy outcomes such as
premature rupture of membranes, preterm labor, or preterm birth
associated with BV.
Can BV be Prevented ?
Sexual activity is a risk factor for BV, but women who have never had sexual
intercourse may also be affected. Other risk factors for BV include
- Multiple sex partners
- Cigarette smoking
Avoiding the above risk factors may help to prevent you from getting BV.
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